The '''Johns Hopkins University''' (commonly referred to as '''Johns Hopkins''', '''JHU''', or simply '''Hopkins''') is a private university|private research university
. Founded in 1876, the university was named after its first benefactor, the American entrepreneur, abolitionist
, and philanthropist Johns Hopkins
His $7 million bequest—of which half financed the establishment of The Johns Hopkins Hospital
—was the largest philanthropic gift in the history of the United States at the time.
Daniel Coit Gilman
, who was inaugurated as the institution's first president on February 22, 1876,
led the university to revolutionize higher education in the U.S. by integrating teaching and research.